Paper Title: Ship Operability Predicted from Long Term Directional Wave Records
D A Wing, QinetiQ Ltd, UK
M C Johnson, Lloyd’s Register, UK
Ship operability assessments have traditionally been made using wind and wave data derived from wave atlases, however there are several drawbacks, including the fact that they are usually based on observation rather than measurement, and that spreading or directional effects are lost such as the separation of sea and swell directions. An alternative approach is demonstrated here, instead of the data summarised in the wave atlas scatter diagram, long term hourly historical wave buoy data may be used. Detailed data sets, including directional wave spectra, are available for a number of specific locations. Direct use of many years’ hourly wave data involves significant computational effort, but results may be achieved within a reasonable time. The technique is demonstrated with the examples of four naval ships and two sites. Analysis considered two main themes, the differences in the ship performance calculated when (a) using wave buoy data rather than wave atlas data for the same sea area and (b) using the most complex available model of the ocean waves compared with the simplified wave descriptions in common use. For (a) the wave buoy data both looked rather different than the wave buoy data for the same nominal area, and produced rather different ship performance results. For (b) it was shown that there were also significant differences between the operability calculated for the four different ships at one of the sites. The implications for operability assessment in the ship procurement process are briefly discussed.
Transactions RINA, Vol 153, Part A2, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Apr-Jun 2011
DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2011.a2.wf5
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