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The Royal Institute of Naval Architects

Delner Brakes Oct 2018

US Coast Guard

IJME 251

Paper title: Passenger Response Time Data-Sets For Large Passenger Ferries And Cruise Ships Derived From Sea Trials



R Brown, Marine Institute, Canada and University of Greenwich, UK
E R Galea, S Deere and L Filippidis University of Greenwich, UK 


This paper describes research that was carried-out under the EU FP7 research project SAFEGUARD and presents passenger response time data generated from five full-scale semi-unannounced assembly trials at sea.  The data-sets were generated from three different types of passenger ships, a RO-PAX ferry without cabins (RP1), a cruise ship (CS) and a RO-PAX ferry with cabins (RP2).  In total, response times from 2366 people were collected making it the largest response time data-set ever collected ­ on land or sea.  The analysis methodology used to extract the response time data and the resultant response time distributions (RTD) is presented.  A number of key findings from the data analysis are presented along with three recommendations to modify the IMO guidelines governing ship evacuation analysis, namely; (a) it is inappropriate to use the same RTD for cruise ships and RO-PAX vessels; (b) a new Day Case RTD is suggested for RO-PAX vessels and (c) new Day and Night RTDs are suggested for cruise ships.


Transactions RINA, Vol 155, Part A1, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Jan-Mar 2013 

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