Crest of the Royal National Institution of Naval Architects - Click to return to the homepage


MarintechChina Until June 2022

Hybrid Expo

SMM May_June 2022


International Registries May 2022

Air Products May 2022


Paper Title: Back Against the Wall



R J Dunworth, Department of Defence, Navy Engineering Division, Australia


An inclining experiment is the established method used to determine the vertical centre of gravity of a ship. At the same time, the other lightship properties can be found ¯ displacement and the longitudinal and transverse centres of gravity. Only in exceptional circumstances will the traditional method of calculating KG deliver a completely accurate value due to the dependence on wall-sided theory. Although the result may be acceptable for large vessels which tend to be wall sided (or nearly so) at the inclining waterplane, there can be significant error on small vessels which typically have more shape in that region. The problem is discussed and the magnitude of potential error is investigated. An alternative calculation method is proposed, with validity demonstrated by calculation and example. The method overcomes the drawbacks of the classic calculations and allows the evaluation of KG and TCG of any hull form, inclined to any angle of heel or trim. This paper expands on a previous paper, Up Against the Wall, by the author.


Transactions RINA, Vol 156, Part B2, International Journal of Small Craft Technology, Jul-Dec 2014 

DOI Number

DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijsct.2014.b2.163

Search and Order IJSCT papers

All International Journal of Small Craft Technology (IJSCT) papers are listed in the RINA Publications Database. You can search the database by author name and paper title. Publications may be ordered and paid for online. Other publications are also listed, some of which may be downloaded free of charge. Follow the link to Search Publications & Order.

RINA membership

Cyber Security On Demand Button


Teinbridge Propeller

Euronaval Apr - Oct 2022

Uni Stratchclyde June 2021

Metstrade May 2022