Paper Title: An Application of Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process to Overcapacity Absorbing Methods in Container Shipping
B Kamal, Maritime Transportation Management Engineering, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey
G Kara and O Okşaş Maritime Transportation Management Engineering, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
The market in container shipping has been characterised as highly cyclical. In a depressed stage of the cycle, with a sharp decrease in demand, the gap between supply and demand widens significantly leading to a deepening overcapacity in the sector. In order to reduce overcapacity in the container shipping sector specific actions have been undertaken by such shipping operators. This paper describes a study which modelled certain selection criteria applied to overcapacity absorbing methods for containership companies. The relative ranking of each criterion was determined through a fuzzy- AHP method. In order to conduct the method, five main and twenty seven sub-criteria were determined. The results of this approach showed that during the times of a collapsed market the most preferred type of overcapacity absorbing method is to lay-up vessels, followed by adopting slow-steaming and thirdly, scrapping. Newbuilding contract cancellation/postponement and service suspension were found to have the least effect.
Transactions RINA, Vol 162, Part A4, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Oct - Dec 2020
DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2020.a4.617
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