Paper title: Methodologies to Predict Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Pusher and Puller Podded Propulsors in Oblique Flows
M F Islam, Oceanic Consulting Corporation, Canada, F Jahra, Fleetway Inc.
This paper presents the outcome of a numerical simulation based research program to evaluate the propulsive characteristics of puller and pusher podded propulsors in a straight course and at static azimuthing conditions while operating in open water. Methodologies to predict the propeller thrust and torque, and pod forces and moments in three dimensions using a Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) solver at multiple azimuthing conditions and pod configurations are presented. To obtain insight into the reliability and accuracy of the results, grid and time step dependency studies are conducted for a podded propulsor in straight-ahead condition. The simulation techniques and results are first validated against measurements of a bare propeller and a podded propulsor in straight ahead condition for multiple loading scenarios and in both puller and pusher configurations. Next, simulations were carried out to model the podded propulsors in the two configurations at multiple loading conditions and at various azimuthing angles from +30° to –30° in 15° increments. The majority of the simulations are carried out using both steady state and unsteady state conditions, primarily to evaluate the effect of setup conditions on the computation time and prediction accuracy. The predicted performance characteristics of the pod unit using the unsteady RANS method were within 1% to 5% of the corresponding experimental measurements for all the loading conditions, azimuthing angles and pod configurations studied. The non-linear behaviour of the performance coefficients of the pod unit are well captured at various loading and azimuthing conditions in the predicted results. This study demonstrates that the RANS solver, with proper meshing arrangement, boundary conditions and setup techniques can predict the performance characteristics of the podded propulsor in multiple azimuthing angles, pod configurations and in the various loading conditions with a same level of accuracy as experimental results. Additionally, the velocity and pressure distributions on and around the pod-strutpropeller bodies are discussed as derived from the RANS predictions.
Transactions RINA, Vol 158, Part A4, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Oct-Dec 2016
DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2016.a4.376
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