Paper title: Special Consumption Tax Incentive on Marine Bunkers and Cargo Shifting to Short Sea Shipping in Turkish Cabotage Routes
A Kilic, Balikesir University, Bandirma Maritime Faculty, Turkey
O Girit, Girit Shipping Ltd. Co., Istanbul, Turkey
Environment issue is one of the most important problems which must be solved urgently. Today, the effects of climate change linked to global warming have started to come into view. Some gases such as methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) which are called as greenhouse gases (GHGs) are seen as the most important causes of global warming. Harmful exhaust gases and CO2 emissions arise out of burning of fossil fuels on board. Maritime transportation is the most efficient mode when compared to other modes. However, Turkey's passenger and cargo transportation mainly depends on road transportation which has high fuel costs compared to sea transportation. In this study, by evaluating cabotage bunker fuels, annual CO2 emissions from maritime ships sailing on Turkish cabotage line were investigated. Also fuel efficiency of maritime transport as well as the effects of shifting cargo between transportation modes on CO2 emissions were analysed.
Transactions RINA, Vol 157, Part A2, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Apr-Jun 2015
DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2015.a2.317
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