Paper title: Pressure Distribution Due to Stern Tab Deflection at Model Scale
T Arnold, J Lavroff and M R Davis, University of Tasmania, Australia
Trim tabs form an important part of motion control systems on high-speed watercraft. By altering the pitch angle, significant improvements in propulsion efficiency can be achieved by reducing overall resistance. For a ship in heavy seas, trim tabs can also be used to reduce structural loads by changing the vessel orientation in response to encountered waves. In this study, trials have been conducted in the University of Tasmania hydraulics laboratory using a closedcircuit water tunnel to measure model scale trim tab forces. The model scale system replicates the stern tabs on the fullscale INCAT Tasmania 112 m high-speed wave-piercer catamaran. The model was designed for total lift force measurement and pressure tappings allowed for pressures to be measured at fixed locations on the underside of the hull and tab. This investigation examines the pressures at various flow velocities and tab deflection angles for the case of horizontal vessel trim. A simplified two-dimensional CFD model of the hull and tab has also been analysed using ANSYS CFX software. The results of model tests and CFD indicate that the maximum pressure occurs in the vicinity of the tab hinge and that the pressure distribution is long-tailed in the direction forward of the hinge. This accounts for the location of the resultant lift force, which is found to act forward of the tab hinge.
Transactions RINA, Vol 157, Part A1, International Journal Maritime Engineering, Jan-Mar 2015
DOI No: 10.3940/rina.ijme.2015.a1.303
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