Crest of the Royal National Institution of Naval Architects - Click to return to the homepage




Air Products June 2022


International Registries June 2022

Marintec_New_July_December 2022

Enabling Technology and the Naval Architect 1860-2010 References


Such an overview necessarily draws on a wide variety of sources, far too many to cite, but the list below was useful. Personal files started in a shipyard 50 years ago and the British Shipbuilding Database covering some 80000 British-built ships has provided much of the underlying technical data.

  1.  “A Modern System of Naval Architecture”. 3 vols. J Scott Russell, 1865.
  2. “Ship”, “Shipbuilding” chapters. P.WA (Philip Watts). Encyclopaedia Britannica Vol XXXII 1902 p.539-602.
  3.  “Ships and Efficiency. One Hundred and Fifty Years of Technical and Economic Developments.” I L Buxton. Trans RINA 2001.
  4. "The Development of the Merchant Ship 1880-1990”.  I L Buxton.  Mariners Mirror February 1993.
  5. “Steam at Sea: Two Centuries of Steam-powered Ships”.  Denis Griffiths.  Conway Maritime Press, 1997.
  6. “A Short History of Marine Engineering”. E C Smith. Cambridge University Press, 1937.
  7. “Warrior to Dreadnought. Warship Development 1860-1905”.  D K Brown. Chatham Publishing 1997.
  8. “The Grand Fleet. Warship Design & Development 1906-1922”. D K Brown. Chatham Publishing 1999.
  9. “Nelson to Vanguard. Warship Design & development 1923-45”. D K Brown. Chatham Publishing 2000.
  10. “Rebuilding the Royal Navy. Warship Design since 1945”. D K Brown & G Moore. Chatham Publishing 2003.
  11. “The Advent of Steam. The Merchant Steamship before 1900”. Conway’s History of the Ship. 1993.
  12. “The Golden Age of Shipping. The Classic Merchant Ship 1900-1960”. Conway’s History of the Ship. 1994.
  13. “The Institution of Naval Architects 1860-1960”. K C Barnaby. RINA 1960.
  14. “Warships 1860-1960” A J Sims. Trans RINA 1960.
  15. “Merchant Ships 1860-1960”. J M Murray. Trans RINA 1960.
  16. “Historical Transactions 1893-1943.” Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers, 1945.
  17. “A Half Century of Maritime Technology 1943-93”. Eds H Benford & W A Fox. Society of Naval Architects & Marine Engineers, 1993.
  18. “A Century of Service to Engineering & Shipbuilding 1884-1984”. J F Clarke. North East Coast Institution of Engineers & Shipbuilders, 1984.
  19. Honnor, A F and Andrews, D J: - "HMS INVINCIBLE The First of a New Genus of Aircraft Carrying Ships", Trans RINA 1982.
  20. RINA Conference “Systems Engineering in Ship & Offshore Design”, 21st& 22nd October 2010, Assembly Rooms, Bath.

RINA membership

Cyber Security On Demand Button

Teinbridge Propeller

Euronaval Apr - Oct 2022

Uni Stratchclyde June 2021

Metstrade May 2022